Research says that almost 1% of all live births in a year have strikingly developed Congenital Heart Defect (CHD). One of the most common CHD amongst infants is the Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) or often known as a hole in the heart. With this alarming topic, parents must now be concerned about their child’s organ development by getting a consultation in cases of Congenital Heart Disease.
As a parent, you might be looking or searching for some pediatric cardiologist near me after gaining some knowledge about this condition. Worry not much since German Heart Centre can give you more insights about this pressing topic through this blog and build bridges with the best pediatric cardiologist in Dubai
What is Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) or Hole in the Heart?
A VSD or a Hole in the heart is a problem in the heart’s structure that affects the normal flow of blood through the heart. Since blood passage must be in the right direction, a VSD can mix oxygen-rich blood with oxygen-poor blood, resulting in oxygen-rich blood pumped to the lungs instead of going out from the body. There may be more than one hole, and the size and position of the holes may also vary. Some factors may affect why holes in the heart are developed among infants, but it is not always because mothers did something wrong during the pregnancy. Some factors may include:
- Genetic Disorders like Down syndrome
- Smoking, drinking, or using cannabis during pregnancy
- Medical condition in the mother, such as Diabetes and heart attack
- Certain medication
- Viral infection like rubella (German measles) during pregnancy
Can a Baby Survive with a Hole in the Heart?
Usually, children with VDS are stigmatized as sickly or weak, but they have no excess mortality in reality. A doctor from the Pulse Heart Institute says that the most common heart defects that they see, such as Ventricular Septal Defects, are not lethal issues. Many cases have been recorded that VSD can close on their own. Some kids with VDS also show that they are just as healthy as the other children and can live long and normal lives. However, some cases for children with larger anomalies and those with other associated heart problems tend to be more severe and require corrective surgery. Therefore, early detection can help see whether the defect can close on its own or it needs frequent medical attention.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of VDS?
A Ventricular Septal Defect or a hole in the heart can be present as early as the baby is born, or it can be developed during the early stages of fetal development. It is evident when the doctor can hear heart murmurs since it is the first and only sign of this defect. Most cases also indicate no symptoms at all. However, if the baby has a hole in the heart and has another medical condition associated with heart problems, then he/she may experience some alarming signs like:
- Breathing distress such as shortness of breath, rapid breathing
- Weight gain difficulties
- Recurrent respiratory infections
- Fast heart rate
- Pale skin and appearance of bluish colour near the lips and fingernails
- Unable to feed continuously
- Copious sweating while eating
- Failure to gain weight
- Excessive crying
- Blue baby
- Gets quickly tired while playing
If you’ve noticed some of the signs with your baby, then it is best to consult with a child cardiologist in Dubai to help you with the proper treatment and course of action that your baby needs and to avoid long-term difficulties in your baby.
How can VDS be Diagnosed?
With the help of fully equipped hospitals and experienced pediatric cardiologists, diagnosis for VDS may be made based on the results from a physical exam, tests, and procedures. Atrial Septal Defect (ASD) and Ventricular Septal Defect (ASD) vary since VDS diagnosis is usually made in infancy while ASD diagnosis is made until later childhood or even adulthood. Procedures like the following can help with the diagnosis of VDS:
- Physical Exam
- Diagnostic Test and Procedures
- Chest X Ray
- Pulse Oximetry
- Cardiac Catheterization
Good thing that the German Heart Centre has the best pediatric cardiologists in Dubai to discover the problem and make a qualitative diagnosis in all types of heart defects in infants and children. German Hearts Centre’s team is fully committed to giving the best patient care and treatment to ease their patients’ quality of life. Backed up with the latest technology and updated screening test, the team can make effective diagnoses to reduce patients’ difficulties. If you are a parent looking for a child cardiologist in Dubai, contact German Heart Centre today and book your appointment now!